In “A Shortcut
Through Time: the Path to the Quantum Computer” (Alfred
A. Knopf, 2003), George Johnson discusses the efforts underway
to develop a quantum computer, based on the complicated natural
phenomenon of superposition that was first posited by Schrodinger.
Wave theory facilitates our comprehension of superposition
by depicting the structure of energetic wave formations, as
seen in the illustrations below:
Photons: due to the loss of energetic matter the superposition
is more pronounced and visible (formerly, it was more wave-like,
but it is transformed into a more particle-like formation)
The positions of an energetic path within the wave structure
As such, the energetic wave (one quant) is comprised of two
components: a magnetic and energetic swirl (loop), each of
which contains three quarks. In fact, every wave is comprised
of two loops, one of which is referred to as an anti-quark.
Furthermore, each of the three quarks and anti-quarks possesses
smaller quarks, which similarly possess smaller quarks, and
so on down.