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Carbon-C atom structure


Wave theory-United nature theory


The most vital in the creation of living formations

is carbon. with its high heat of vaporization

of kJ/mol ~ 715 and it is very stable creation.   



Tejman Chaim Henry Dr.



Atomic Number:6

·         Group: 14

·         Period: 2

·         Series: Nonmetals

Atomic Structure of Carbon

·                     Atomic Radius: 0.91Å

·                     Atomic Volume: 4.58cm3/mol

·                     Covalent Radius: 0.77Å

·                     Cross Section (Thermal Neutron Capture)sigmaa/barns: 0.0035

·                     Crystal Structure: Hexagonal

·                     Electron Configuration:

1s2 2s2p2

·                     Electrons per Energy Level: 2,4

Shell Model



·                     Ionic Radius:

·                     Filling Orbital: 2p2

·                     Number of Electrons (with no charge): 6

·                     Number of Neutrons (most common/stable nuclide): 6

·                     Number of Protons: 6

·                     Oxidation States: 4,2

·                     Valence Electrons:

Electron Dot Model

Chemical Properties of Carbon

·                     Electrochemical Equivalent:

·                     Electron Work Function:

·                     Electronegativity: 2.55 (Pauling); 2.5 (Allrod Rochow)

·                     Heat of Fusion: kJ/mol

·                     Incompatibilities:

Very strong oxidizers such as fluorine, chlorine trifluoride & potassium peroxide

·                     Ionization Potential

o                  First: 11.26

o                  Second: 24.383

o                  Third: 47.887

·                     Valence Electron Potential (-eV):

Physical Properties of Carbon

·                     Atomic Mass Average: 12.011

·                     Boiling Point: 5100K 4827°C 8721°F

·                     Coefficient of lineal thermal expansion/K-1: 1.19E-6

·                     Conductivity

Electrical: 0.00061 106/cm ohm
Thermal: 1.29 W/cmK

·                     Density: 2.26g/cc @ 300K

·                     Description:

In pure form as diamonds or graphite.

·                     Elastic Modulus:

o                  Bulk: 33/GPa

·                     Enthalpy of Fusion: 104.6 kJ/mole

·                     Enthalpy of Vaporization: 716.7 kJ/mole

·                     Flammablity Class: Combustible solid (graphite)

·                     Freezing Point: see melting point

·                     Hardness Scale

o                  Mohs: 0.5

·                     Heat of Vaporization: 355.8kJ/mol

·                     Melting Point: 3773K 3500°C 6332°F

·                     Molar Volume: 5.34 cm3/mole

·                     Optical Reflectivity: 27%

·                     Optical Refractive Index: 2.417 (diamond)

·                     Pysical State (at 20°C & 1atm): Solid

·                     Specific Heat: 0.71J/gK


The structure of like

H. Atom

I describe  on

Basis M-51 galaxy.

Small and large      formations must have

The same behavior.

{A. Einstein}

This galaxy clearly

show two different swirls connected by two energetic path and is completely independent wave

{Quantum} formation.




The structure of like H. Atom


Helium atom


See H, He, Li atoms {Tejman}.




Beryllium atom structure






Boron atom structure



Boron atom structure


Carbon atom structure



 Carbon atom structure


The energetic matter motion is one-directional swirling and rotation so every a formation have other position { in atom formation that is 45˚ },


Four main elements, hydrogen, carbon, oxygen and nitrogen, are essential in the creation of living formations.  The most vital is carbon.  With its high heat of vaporization of kJ/mol ~ 715, it is very stable.  Water also has a high heat of vaporization: kJ/ mol ~ 539.




  The most vital in the creation of living formations is carbon. with its high heat of vaporization of kJ/mol ~ 715 and it is very stable creation. 




© Copyright:  Dr. Tejman Chaim, Henry August 2007


The theory of everything






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